The world is heading back to natural food! We are keeping away from refined sugar, glucose and fat; heading back to food coming from nature as health is the most important concern in the modern age. That is why bee keeping has been one of the most important businesses in the Menteşe region with its positive effect on human life and economical importance.
The inclination of the natural products, especially ones from bees has been rapidly increasing as human health as risen in importance in the changing world. The honeybees are the basic pollinator for approximately 85 % of wild and cultivated plants. Bee keeping in Turkey has been indicated that it has played an important role for improving in rural area development as well as other countries in the world in recent years.
Beekeeping in Turkey
Beekeeping is a kind of traditional agriculture business, has been applied to nearly all regions in Turkey. There has been a substantial richness in flora areas which provide nectar and pollens for many kinds of bees and its ecological type are easily adaptable to different ecological conditions in Turkey. The reason for practising migratory beekeeping is to increase the production due to the different distinctive environmental conditions of Turkey and different flowering period here. The beekeepers who have 70%-80% of the existence of bee colonies and it is assumed that 90 % of honey production is supplied by these beekeepers.
Beekeeping in Mugla
Although the Aegean region seems to be second rank with 1,161,670 colonies, it is the heart of beekeeping in the country and the centre of stroller beekeepers. 50% of Turkey’s pine honey production is made here which is almost 4% of the world. 98% of the world’s pine honey production is made in this area, and the remaining 8% is produced in Greece. Although there are the pine honey's production areas from Canakkale to Antalya today, Mugla province provides %75 of pine honey production of all over Turkey. Mugla beekeepers have been affected adversely by the decline of pine honey production in 2010. They are stroller beekeepers who produce pine honey.
In the Aegean region which has an important role in the beekeeping of the country, Mugla ecological type which comes from the south west type of Anatolian bees have the most common ecological types. They have also adapted to the different conditions .They show honey collections from the end of the summer to winter months pine honey at the end of autumn as well. They are separated from other races due to their high productivity. Mugla stands out with 644,505 colonies. It is ranked in 3rd place with 6,488 tonnes of honey production. Ordu ranks the first with 10,380 tonnes.