Zone: 33.350 ha.
Location: National Park takes place in the border of Marmaris district of the Mugla province.
Transportation: 60 km away from Mugla is provided by the E550 and E400 state road. Transportation is available by sea.
National Park Formation consists of Turkish pine (Pinus Brutia). Sweet gum tree is a kind of habitat local to the region that piles up in a certain area of the forest. Turkish pine, oak, pine, cypress and alder are forming beautifully landscapes together inside of the Valley. Small trees of the Mediterranean like flora Holm oak, kermes oak, wild-olive, arbutas, China tree, sumac, locust, terebinth, oleander and laurel also spread around the wide areas of forest in the National Park.
Wild life is substantially affluent. Besides the chevrotains that live between Marmaris and Koycegiz, mammals like caracal, fox, pig, squirrel, weasel, indian porcupine, bobcat (lynx), marten cat, jackal etc. are some of the animals you may come across. The assortments of birds are eye-catching in the area. There are species of birds like eagle and hawk, the large number migratory birds that stop over increases the diversity in nature.
Gokova Special Environmental Protection Area: with respect to jagged coastlines and bays, yacht tourism is also crucial in this region. It is possible to see whole types of mediterranean flora; Turkish pine and sweet gum forest are valuable. Quality forest cover gains intensity on the slopes of Kıran Mountains at the north coast of Gokova Gulf. Gokova is fed by river branches that create rich flora and lush mountains. The presence of wild animals are considerable, especially wild-animals in the southern part of Gokova Gulf.
Natural plant cover consists of kind of mediterranean plants like olive, turkish pine, sandalwood and almond in the region, besides thyme, sage, bay leaf and carob are collected by locals for economical reasons, bambus bees are used for pollinating the plants in the green houses, the endangered mountain goat (Capra Aegagrus) are the most vital biological diversity in abundance.
Bozburun Peninsula Special Environment Protection Area: here is an untouched area due to the transportation difficulties. The areas that are not for settlement are defined as Culture and Natural archaeological site. Datca and Bozburun settlements are the largest ones that are being developed in the area. The urban archaeological site in Datca and its surroundings are protected and preserved by the laws considering its architectural style.
Registered Monumental Trees in the region as follows; plane and white cypress pine trees in Bayır Marmaris, the plane tree in Sogut Village, Marmaris and the plane tree in Hisaronu Vvillage.
According to International Ramsar Agreement, all waters that involve natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, still or flowing, hard or fresh or salty sea and the depths of the sea that does not exceed 6 meters at the period of high tide and marsh, reeds and peats are described as wetlands. Wetlands in the region: The system of river branches on Gokova| areas of coastline are in border of Akyaka town, Akcapınar and Gokce villages. The system of Akbuk river branch is in Akbuk's bay. The system of Hisaronu river branches is also in Hisaronu.
Endemic plants species of Marmaris
Flora, a list plants in any area, if the area of plant diversity is very special and limited to specific areas these types of plants are called endemic plants. Gokova and Datca-Marmaris National Park and Bozburun special environment protection has a wealth of endemic zones.
You can count easily these types of plants:
Onopordum Caricum: It is a kind of thorn that takes its name from the old name of the region. Globularia, Dumulosa, Cyclamen Trochopteranthum, Campanula Fruticulosa (Campanula), Liquidambar Orientalis (Sweet Gum tree). In addition, Salvia, Oxtail, Spiny Daisy, Yuksuk Otu, Foxglove and date palm (Phoenix theoqhrasti) in the island of Crete where previously only thought to be a new type of endemic plant.
The geological structure of the area consist of peridotite and limestone’s with alluvial and talus. Because of the oxidization of cretaceous old magmatic rocks (peridotite) which exposes rocks in the northwest area, they have led to red coloured scenery. Limestone is also exposed in a large area of the part of eastern area. The west part of the limestone is stratified and the east part of them is solid.
The formation of National Park consists of Turkish pine (Pinus brutia). However, the endemic species of sweet gum tree (Liguidambar orientals) show its expansion in certain areas. Sweet gum trees grow deep, moist and heavy and have solid base terrains. Turkish pine, kermes oak, plane tree and alder trees present complex and impressive landscape. Small trees of Mediterranean flora like Holm oak, kermes oak, wild-olive, arbutas, China tree, sumac, locust, terebinth, oleander and laurel also spread around wide areas of forest in the National Park.
Wild life is substantially affluent. Besides endangered chevrotains live between Marmaris and Koycegiz, the mammals like bears, caracal, fox, squirrel, pig, weasel, wolverine, wild boar, rabbit etc. are easy to come upon.
Ancient Physkos City (Marmaris), Amos (Hisaronu) are located in the national park zone, this area is defined as the region of Caria in ancient times. Traces of the Rhodes colony have been seen there. A theatre, a temple and some statues in Amos are some you will come across. A Carian city of Amos is surrounded by a fortification wall that remained from the same period. In Physkos (Physeus) ancient city, there are fortification walls that were built during the Hellenistic era.
Places to see
The untouched coasts and the richness of the domain of plants and animals, particularly with Paradise Island and other islands are worth visiting. The archaeological site of Physkos city, Amos city's remains one of the best examples of beautiful natural landscape that visitors can see.
Available ServicesCamping areas along the seaside are available for visitors who enjoy being at one with nature. Marmaris, Icmeler holiday resorts provide accommodation opportunities for the visitors of the National Park