According to some scientists, exploring and finding a 2400 years old King Hecatomnos's Tomb monument has turned the world's face to Milas rather than the finding of Tutankhamon's Tomb. It is defined that Hekatomnos's Tomb inspired the Mausoleum in Bodrum. Hekatomnos's Tomb monument has justifiably taken place on the temporary list of 'World Heritage' of UNESCO in 2012.
Now, here is the impressing history of this world heritage...
The sparkling period of Carian under the Persian control starts with the Hekatomnids' age. When Anatolia is reigned by Persians, it socialized with Persian culture but it did not loose its Anatolian roots. Original art works and monumental structures have been built. The dynasty of Hekatomnids came out of history in 387 BC and the founder of the dynasty is Hyssaldomos. Then the son of Hyssaldomos, Hekatomnos continues. The valid information about the history of the dynasty of Hekatomnids had not been received until 2010 by scientists. However Milas was achieved the largest excavations of Anatolia in 2010. Hekatomnos's Tomb monument was discovered. Unfortunately, the tomb had been robbed and destroyed by thieves. The front face of the sarcophagus has been depicted in Hekatomnos's last speech. The back face of it is depicted in his son Mausolus's lion hunting figure. It is most probably the pioneer of Mausolus.
The room of sarcophagus is covered by wall drawings. Yet Hekatomnoses became a satrap (Persian governor), Greek art and architecture have flourished, famous sculptors and architectures came to the Carian region. The most important evidence is Hekatomnos's Tomb monument and Mausoleum. The Mausoleum is built for the dedication of Maussolus. and is built with both the influences of Egypt’s Pyramids and Anatolian motifs that have been synthesized. It was attempted to complete the structure by the architect Pytheus but when Maussolus died, II. Artemisia ,his wife and sister had a splendid funeral for her husband and the construction of the structure halted due to funds. When she died, the artisans and the architectures finished it for their prestiges without earning any money.
The friezes surrounding the monuments depicts the figures of fights between Amazons and Hellens and between Helens and Kentauros. These friezes that were made with the best marble and created by the best artisans, there figures appearance lively. The statues of lions and leopards probably surrounded the pyramidal roof to protect them from their enemies. C. Newton smuggled the pieces of Mausoleum by war ships to England from Bodrum. The rest of the architectural blocks were used to build Bodrum Castle's walls by the Knights of St. Jean.