We do not have exact knowledge regarding the first settlement date of Ula, but its history dates back to the 6th century BC. The findings from the ruins of Kyllandos ancient city, indicate us that this area dates back to the 6th century BC. The name of city 'Ola' was written on the agreement which was signed by Ionians and Carians in 1440 BC.
According to Evliya Celebi's works, its name changed to 'Ula' after conquering Ulama Bey of Anatolian Beylik of Mentese. It was one of the primary settlements in early ages. Municipality was established in 1895 and has become a district of Mugla in 1954.
The history of ancient settlements date back to the thousads years, the excavations found the ruins in the centre of Ula, namely the Seven Holes Cave and Kyllandos ancient city. The Seven Holes settlement is the early age remains of the tombs and consists of multiple structures of 14 tombs in the skirts of the Alici Mountain.
The ancient city of Kyllandos is located in the Okkatas Area which is 3 km away south west of Ula. One of the most important settlements of Caria have spectacular Rock Tombs, a Theatre and Agora. The findings of these ruins indicate that it is the most important settlement in this area. The excavations and joint researches that will be held by Ula Municipality, Mugla University and The Ministry of Culture and Tourism will reveal this ancient city in the future.